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The Freedmen's Bureau Online

Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Tennessee
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1869
National Archives Microfilm Publication M999, roll 34
"Reports of Outrages, Riots and Murders, Jan. 15, 1866 - Aug. 12, 1868"

Affidavits regarding the 1866 Memphis Riot

Before me personally appeared the undersigned Dr. R. W. Creighton and being duly sworn deposes as follows.

My name is R .W. Creighton, I am a Physician and have my office at No. 444 Main St., I reside at the same place. On May 1, 1866 as I was standing at my door a carriage drove up and four policemen got out. One was shot in the finger. They were very much excited and said that they wanted to kill a nigger. A Negro was passing my house on the opposite side when one of the policemen fired at him, the Negro surrendered to the crowd which had collected at that time. A number of police were with them, the crowd passed on with him. Shortly after Policeman Slatterly was brought to my place with two shots through the thigh. He was able to walk away by himself. I was called upon in the night to examine Policeman Stevens, wounded in the lower part of the upper third of the thigh. The wound ranged downwards and backwards. He has since died. He said that he was thirty yards off from the mob when he was shot, but I am of the opinion that he shot himself from the fact that the wound was powder burnt and from the peculiar direction of the wound.

(signed) R. H. Creighton

Subscribed and sworn to before me this the 18th day of May 1866.
(signed) Saml. Walker
Bvt. Capt. & A. A. Genl.