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The Freedmen's Bureau Online

Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Tennessee
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1869
National Archives Microfilm Publication M999, roll 34
"Reports of Outrages, Riots and Murders, Jan. 15, 1866 - Aug. 12, 1868"

Affidavits regarding the 1866 Memphis Riot

Before me personally appeared the undersigned Allen Simmons and being duly sworn deposes as follows.

My name is Allen Simmons, I am a discharged Soldier, I live in the city of Memphis, Tenn. at the Freedmen's Hospital. On the evening of the 1st of May 1866 a crowd of white men (about thirty) came to my home pulled me out and snapped a pistol at me several times. I got away from them and ran - had got some twenty yards from them they shooting at me all the time.

The Policemen fired several shots at me one of which took effect in my shoulder and I fell. Two or three of them ran up and commenced kicking me within the face. The Policeman then struck me in the head with a club. I can identify him. A big Irishman stabbed me in the side and took from me $25.00 in money. I can identify him and know where he lives.

Allen (X) Simmons

Subscribed and Sworn to before me this the 16" day of May 1866.
(signed) Michl. Walsh
Capt. And A. A. A. G., & P. M. F.