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The Freedmen's Bureau Online

Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Georgia
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1869
National Archives Publication M798 Roll 36
"Unbound Miscellaneous Papers"


State of Georgia vs. Thad, a slave the property of William A. Collins

Affidavits and Statements


Affidavit of William A. Collins

Georgia, Columbia Cty.

Personally appeared before me, a Justice of the Peace, Dr. W. A. Collins who deposeth and saith that Thaddeus, the boy charged by Miss Brown with rape on her person on the 21st June 1863, was then in his employ and was about home up to 9 or ½ after nine in the morning of that day. That his recollection is that deponent saw him as late as ½ after 9 O'clock. That the said boy Thaddeus while in his employ was faithful and trustworthy while in his employ.
W. A. Collins

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 24th 1866.
A. B. Tankersley, J. P.


Affidavit of Thomas M. Garrett

Georgia, Columbia County

Personally appeared before me, Augustus B. Tankersley, an acting Justice of the Peace in and for Columbia County, Thomas M. Garrett and being duly sworn deposeth and saith that on the 21st day of June eighteen hundred & sixty three Nathan Brown came to deponent's house about 9 O'clock a.m. in quest of dogs to hunt a Negro who he said had committed a rape on his daughter Carrolin on the day above stated and that he deponent went to F. M. Fuller and got dogs and went to the place where the offence was said to have been committed and arrived at Fuller's about half after nine O'c a.m. and his best recollection is he arrived at the place where the offence was said to have been committed about 10 or 11 O'c with the dogs and that the distance from where Thad lived to Brown's, the place where the rape was said to have been committed, in his judgement is about 4 miles and that in his judgement from deponents house to Brown's is about two and a half miles and from deponents to Fuller's about half mile.
T. M. Garrett

Sworn to and subscribed before me this March 6, 1866.
A. B. Tankersley


Affidavit of F. M. Fuller

Georgia, Columbia Cty.

Before me, a Justice of the Peace, personally came Frances M. Fuller who after being duly sworn deposeth and saith that on Sunday morning the 21st of June 1863 at or about the hour of ten O'clock of the forenoon of that day T. M. Garrett came to my house in pursuit of track running dogs to hunt up and apprehend a person who had that morning committed a rape on the person of Miss Brown distant about four miles off my house.
F. M. Fuller

Sworn to and subscribed before me this February 28th, 1866.
A. B. Tankersley, J. P.


Statement of Sam Steed

Georgia, Columbia Ct.

I solemnly affirm that I was at Dr. W. A. Collins on Sunday Morning 21st June 1863 (having at that time a wife there) the day on which it was charged that a rape was committed on Miss Brown and that I saw Thaddeus there, then the property of Dr. Collins, up to ten O'clock or after in the morning, I think it was after 10 O'clock when he left in company of Gabriel Boyd to go to Mr. Tankersley some three and a half miles distant.
Sam (X) Steed

Witness W. A. Collins


Statement of Freedmen
Georgia, Columbia Cty.

The undersigned Freedmen do hereby solemnly affirm that they were living at the house and on the premises of Dr. W. A. Collins on the 21st June 1863 with Thaddeus the one which he was charged with rape on the person of Miss Brown, that said Thaddeus did not leave home until 10 O'clock of that day or after ten, that he was about home all the morning and when he left he left in company of Gabriel Boyd. Given under our hands 26 Feby. 1866.

Tom (X) Collins
John (X) Collins
Ed (X) Collins
Ann (X) Collins
George (X) Collins

Test. W. A. Collins


Affidavit of Benj. Bolton

Georgia, Columbia Cty.

Personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace, Benj. Bolton who after being duly sworn deposeth and saith that he was at the house of Dr. W. A. Collins on Sunday morning of the 21st June 1863 about ½ after eight O'clock of that morning and there and then saw Thaddeus a mulatto boy who was charged on that day with rape on the person of Ms. Brown of this County.
B. T. Bolton

Sworn to and subscribed before me this Feb. 28th, 1866.
E. A. Shields, J. P.


Affidavit of William Kinebrew

State of Georgia
Columbia County

Personally appeared before me, Augustus B. Tankersley, an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said County, William Kinebrew, a Freedman and being duly sworn deposeth and saith that on Sunday the 21st day of June eighteen hundred and sixty three he saw Thaddeus Collins a Freedman coming from the direction of his home to where he William then and now resides, to wit, Mrs. Margaret Tankersley's, about twelve or near twelve O'c of the day and after staying a short time he returned back in the same direction in which he came and that Gabriel Boyd a Freedman was with him (Thad) and returned with him, and that Mr. Garrett had passed some time before Thad had come to his house with the dogs.

William (X) Kinebrew

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 6th day of March 1866.
A. B. Tankersley, J. P.


Affidavit of Sarah A. Collins

Georgia, Columbia Cty.

Personally came before me a Justice of the Peace, Mrs. Sarah A. Collins who deposeth and saith that Thaddeus a boy charged with rape on the person of Miss Brown on the 21st June 1863 was then in the employ of deponent and was about home she thinks as late as ½ after 9 O'clock or later, that the boy was kept about the house generally and was faithful and trustworthy.

Sarah A. Collins

Sworn to before me this 24th Feby. 1866
A. B. Tankersley, J. P.


Affidavit of William B. Tankersley

State of Georgia
Columbia County

Personally appeared before me Augustus B. Tankersley, an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said County, William B. Tankersley, and being duly sworn deposeth and saith that on the 21st day of June eighteen hundred and sixty three and about 12 O'c noon of the day he saw Thad a Freedman going in the direction of his home from his, Deponents, mother house, viz., Mrs. Margaret Tankersley and that Mr. Nathan Brown passed about 9 O'c a.m. going after Mr. Fuller's dogs; and that his best judgement is that the distance from where Thad then lived to where the offence was said to have been committed is about four miles; and that he Deponent lived about half mile from Nathan Brown and between him and F. M. Fuller and that he had a conversation with Caroline Brown the prosecutrix in the case and told deponent that the rape was committed on her about or between 8 and 9 O'c a.m. of the 21st day of June 1863 and she did not know Thad and had never seen him before and that her description of Thad was very vague and unsatisfactory.
William B. Tankersley

Sworn to and subscribed before me this the 6th day of March 1866.
A. B. Tankersley, J. P.


Affidavit of Gabriel Boyd

Georgia
Columbia County

Came before, Gabriel Boyd, about 20 years old and after being duly sworn saith that he left Dr. Boyd's where he lived & went to Dr. Collins' on Sunday before the trial had at Mr. Rick S. Neal place and about an hour after sunrise. That he waited till Thad got ready to go which was nearly 11 O'clock in the morning before they left. He was in company with Thad from Dr. Collins to Mr. Tankersley's Still house and was in sight of him all the time till they returned back to Dr. Collins. That they were separated not over 15 minutes when he stopped to pick plums on the way. When we got to the Still Thad got a small bottle full of liquor & came off. We met Ambrose Ham near Mrs. A. B. Tankersley, also Hannah Tankersley at (illegible) oak tree near the ?back of Mr. Tankersley (illegible) of the house. Those two was all the persons we saw on the road going & returning. I know positively that Thad could not be guilty of what Miss Brown charges him with on that day as he was with Thad at Dr. Collins till they left & after they returned was with him till near night. Was about four miles from Dr. Collins to Tankersley's still & we (remaining text illegible).

Gabriel (X) Boyd

Sworn to before me this 27th day of February 1866
S. Crawford, Agt.
Bureau F. R. & A. L.
for Columbia County, Ga.

Said in presence of M. McDaniel


Affidavit of Celina Tankersley

State of Georgia
Columbia County

Personally appeared before me, Augustus B. Tankersley, an Justice of the Peace in and for said County, Celina Tankersley, a Freed woman and being duly sworn deposeth and saith that on the 21st day of June 1863 between eleven and twelve O'c a.m. she saw Thad Collins & Gabriel Boyd, Freedmen, cross the big road near Mrs. Margarett Tankersley and coming from the direction of his, Thads, home and there he stopped about 15 minutes in the road talking to Hannah and then went on in the direction of Mrs. Tankersley.
Celina (X) Tankersley

Sworn to and subscribed before me this March 6th 1866.
A. B. Tankersley