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Freedmen's Bureau Records Relating to Murders and Outrages

Records Relating to Murders and Outrages

Records relating to murders and outrages and reports of murders, outrages, and riots were submitted by subordinate and field officers in either tabular or narrative form. Although the term "outrage" meant any criminal offense, it usually referred to violent crimes by or against freedmen. The reports usually included the date of the incident and the county in which it took place; the names and race of the injured and accused parties; a brief description of the incident and the action taken, if any, by civil authorities and by the bureau; and the outcome. Most of the reports pertain to crimes committed by whites against freedmen, but crimes of whites against whites, freedmen against freedmen, and freedmen against whites were also reported. In addition to the reports, for some states there are registers of murders and outrages that contain the same type of information as the reports, and may have been compiled from them. There are also lists of murders of freedmen and lists and reports of arrests.




North Carolina

South Carolina




Washington D. C.